The doshas - Vata, Pitta, Kapha

Die Doshas - Vata, Pitta, Kapha

The bioenergies in Ayurveda teachings

The three doshas Vata, Pitta and Kapha are present in each of us. Doshas are bioenergies or functional principles that are formed from the five elements space, air, fire, water and earth. The expression of the individual doshas varies from person to person and is referred to as constitution. To a certain extent, the constitution is unchangeable, namely the genetic constitution that was given to us by our parents.

Counteract imbalances in the basic constitution

The basic constitution of every human being is called Prakriti and can best be recognized at the age of around 20 years. Think back to what you looked like when you were twenty! What was your physique and mind like? However, the basic constitution can become unbalanced over time due to an unhealthy diet and lifestyle that is not appropriate for your type, environmental influences, stress and other factors. This can increase certain doshas, ​​disrupt the constitution and cause physical and mental problems. However, this imbalance can be changed and can be brought back to its original and healthy constitution in several ways using Ayurveda therapy.

The doshas have different characteristics in terms of body, metabolism, behavior, mind, character and disease symptoms. The more characteristics of a dosha apply to you, the higher this dosha expression is in your individual constitution. However, the characteristics listed below give an idea of ​​which doshas are stronger or weaker in you.

Vataprinciple of movement

Vata consists of the elements space and air and has the characteristics of light, cold, rough, flexible and subtle.

The body structure of Vata types is delicate and narrow. Vata people are either very tall or very short and have difficulty gaining weight. The face is rather small. The skin is rather dry, rough and the veins are clearly visible. The hands and feet are often cracked and cold. The Vata type has less physical strength and therefore has little stamina. His metabolism and digestion are unstable and he is prone to flatulence and constipation. He is active, moves a lot, likes to travel, is creative and eccentric. He adapts well, is curious and open. But he is also indecisive, not well structured and quickly overloaded. When Vata is out of balance, he is usually scattered, erratic, nervous, anxious, complains about his suffering and likes to be cared for.

Pittaprinciple of transformation

Pitta consists of the elements fire and water and has the properties hot, sour, sharp, sharp, penetrating and oily.

The physique of Pitta types is athletic and of medium height. The weight is normal and the muscles are well developed. Pitta gains and loses weight quickly, has angular facial features and blushes easily. The skin is soft, oily and prone to freckles. The hands are warm and pink. Pitta people have a good metabolism, burn and digest a lot and quickly. They have very good physical strength and are powerful. Pitta types are very clever and grasp things quickly. You are intelligent, critical, ambitious and goal-oriented. Pitta feels comfortable in competition. However, if he loses his balance, he can react very emotionally, irritably, angry, aggressive and frustrated.

Kaphaprinciple of structure/stability

Kapha consists of the elements water and earth and has the properties of heavy, cold, moist, immobile, sweet, slimy and restorative.

The original constitution of a Kapha type looks like this: The body is stable, large-limbed and broad. Kapha tends to be overweight because it is easy to gain weight but difficult to lose weight. The facial features are soft, large and round. The skin is oily, cool, pale and prone to water retention. The hands are strong and moist. Kapha people are strong, persistent, but slow and difficult to mobilize. You work precisely, calmly and carefully. You enjoy the beautiful things.

Doshas vary greatly throughout life

These three doshas control all metabolic activities of the body. Kapha promotes the structure, growth and regeneration of cells. Pitta regulates metabolism, which includes digestion and nutrient absorption. Vata triggers catabolism, the breakdown of metabolic products to detoxify the organism. During our lifetime, the three doshas act to different degrees. In childhood, Kapha is mainly used to build and grow the body. Pitta is very pronounced in middle age. This time represents vitality and activity. Vata appears in old age when processes of degeneration take place.

Which dosha type are you?

Find out more about your individual dosha distribution and your Ayurvedic constitution in a 1:1 Ayurveda coaching with Katharina .

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